FAQ

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One of the most common misconceptions is that as long as there is no pain you don’t need to see a dentist, as most people consider the dentist a pain! Unfortunately, many serious dental problems such as gum disease or dental decay may not cause any pain until the disease has reached an advanced stage, where extensive treatment may be required which could be also much more expensive to treat. It is very important that you should visit a dentist at least once in 6 months for a regular dental checkup. Your dentist would be able to detect any potential problems in your mouth in an early stage such as cavities which could be treated with a simple restoration. Ignoring this could lead to an infection of the tooth leading to a root canal treatment and a crown. Similarly, gum disease if detected early, can be stopped by professional cleaning and oral hygiene measures. But if it is ignored, it can cause extensive destruction of the supporting bone leading to loss of teeth. As the saying goes it is always better to prevent than to cure and the only way you can do that is by regular dental checkups.

Teeth generally stain over a period of time and appear darker as we age. The outer layer of the teeth gets stained by smoking or by drinking coffee, wine or other drinks or foods that stain. Whitening toothpastes can remove only minor stains from the external surface of the teeth and do not change the color of the teeth. These toothpastes contain some abrasive particles that helps in physically scrubbing away the stains from your teeth. They are not very effective if your stain is moderate to severe. If you are using a whitening toothpaste, it is recommended that you do not use them regularly for long periods as overuse can lead to the removal of outer surface of the teeth causing the teeth to appear dull and not glossy. So it is better if you use it occasionally alternating with a regular toothpaste. The best way to remove stains from your teeth is to visit a dentist or a hygienist for a professional cleaning and polishing. Using ultrasonic scalers and polishing paste they can remove all the stains from your teeth safely and effectively, restoring your teeth to the original color. However, if you want to whiten your teeth from its existing color, then you would have to do a teeth whitening procedure. This involves application of whitening gels containing chemicals such as Carbamide Peroxide or Hydrogen Peroxide that can whiten your teeth by 3-8 shades lighter. Whitening procedures can be done in the dental clinic assisted with a whitening lamp to give you faster results or you could use a program at home where the dentist would take impressions of your teeth to give you custom made bleaching trays and whitening gels to use at home. The whitening gels dispensed by the dentists are approved by the American Dental Association and are certified to be safe to use. There are many over the counter whitening gels and trays that are sold, but you need to be careful, as in many instances they can cause more harm than good. These trays are not custom made for you and the whitening gels may sometimes leak onto your gums causing chemical burns.

Like other investments, if you whiten your teeth, the length of time you can expect it to last will vary. If you smoke, drink red wine or coffee, or consume other acid-containing foods, your bright smile may begin to yellow more quickly than you expect. In general, a teeth whitening procedure can last up to a few years. And even though the results can fade, occasional touch-ups can be done to regain luster. Ask the experienced staff at Asmat Dental center about the long-term benefits of teeth whitening.

Generally, the front two middle teeth is slightly larger and longer that the adjacent teeth, but from your description, it appears that they are quite prominent. These teeth may be inherently bigger or the adjacent two teeth could be smaller in size than normal, giving the illusion that the front two teeth are larger. It is difficult to give you an exact treatment unless your teeth are examined. Depending on the above, your dentist would decide on the correct line of treatment. Cosmetic dentistry can now fix your problem and give you the perfect smile. The treatment can range from minor reshaping of your large teeth, to building up of the adjacent small teeth using composites or having porcelain veneers done to achieve a beautiful smile. It is best that you consult with a dentist who is experienced in cosmetic procedures and he should be able to advise you the correct treatment.

Orthodontic treatment is appropriate when patients have primary (baby) teeth as well as permanent teeth. The orthodontist will determine the appropriate timing of orthodontic treatment based on your specific needs. Phase I, also known as “interceptive treatment” or early treatment, may begin while primary (baby teeth) are still present. This treatment corrects potentially harmful conditions or makes dental adjustments that are best accomplished while the patient is still growing. Phase I treatment usually does not eliminate the need for the later treatment of your permanent teeth with full braces, but may mean future treatment goes more quickly. Phase II, also referred to as “definite treatment”, is the period of treatment when full braces are used to adjust the position of permanent teeth to develop a proper bite and achieve the best aesthetic result. This phase can start before or after the loss of all primary (baby) teeth, and is usually necessary after Phase I interceptive treatment.

Orthodontic treatment, when indicated, is a positive step, especially for adults who have endured a long- standing problem. Orthodontic treatment can restore optimal tooth and jaw function. Teeth that work better usually look better, and a healthy, beautiful smile can improve self-esteem, no matter what age.

you may be amazed to learn that one in five of the orthodontic patients is an adult. In fact, the American Association of Orthodontists estimates that nearly 1,000,000 adults in the United States and Canada are currently receiving orthodontic treatment from a specialist.

Fluoride is a mineral that occurs naturally in many foods and in water. Some natural sources of fluoride are brewed tea, canned fish, cooked kale and spinach, apples, and skim milk. Some city water contains fluoride, so by drinking tap water you will acquire fluoride. If drinking water does not have fluoride, supplements are available. The lack of exposure to fluoride places individuals of any age at risk for dental decay. Fluoride is important to dental health because it helps prevent tooth decay by making your tooth enamel more resistant to acid attacks from plaque bacteria in your mouth. Studies have shown that children who consumed fluoridated water from birth had less dental decay. Fluoride can reverse early decay and help prevent osteoporosis, a disease that causes degenerative bone loss. Talk to your dentist or dental hygienist about whether you’re getting the daily amount of fluoride you need.

Periodontal disease is inflammation and infection of the gums and supporting bone structure, which if left untreated, can cause permanent jaw bone destruction and possible tooth loss. Untreated periodontal disease has been linked to increased risk for conditions such as heart disease, stroke, low birth weight babies, pre-term delivery, respiratory disease, and prostate cancer. An advanced stage of periodontal disease exhibits inflamed gums pulling away from your bone and teeth. Other signs of periodontal disease include: Bad breath Red or swollen gums Loose teeth or teeth that have moved Sensitive teeth Pus coming from around the teeth Pain when chewing Tender gums Bleeding gums Treatment of early periodontal disease can be performed in-office. However, advanced stages may require surgery. Periodontal disease can be prevented and treated successfully by seeing your dentist and dental hygienist regularly and following recommended care plans.

All toothpastes basically contain the same ingredients. It is just a marketing ploy used by large companies claiming that their toothpaste contains a special ingredient that can solve all your dental problems. You need not change your toothpaste, unless you are using a whitening toothpaste, as prolonged use of this can damage your teeth. If you are using any medicated toothpaste for a long time it would be good to consult with a dentist to treat the underlined cause rather than just continuing using these toothpastes which would only control the symptom but not cure the problem. It is important to understand that it is not the toothpaste that is most important but it is your brushing that is critical to maintain good oral hygiene. Only use a pea sized amount of tooth paste and brush your teeth at least twice a day.

The American Association of Orthodontists recommends age seven, as the optimal time for a child to have his or her first orthodontics screening by a specialist. By age seven, the permanent first molars and incisors have usually come in, and enough jaw growth has occurred that the orthodontist will be able to identify any current problems, anticipate future problems, and alleviate parents’ concerns. Some signs or habits that may indicate the need for an early orthodontic examination include: Early or late loss of baby teeth Crowding Injury-prone upper incisors (front teeth) that protrude (stick out) excessively Thumb or finger sucking Missing, misplaced, or blocked out teeth Cross bites Difficulty in chewing or biting Mouth breathing Jaws that shift or make sounds Biting the cheek or roof of the mouth Teeth that bite abnormally or not at all Jaws and teeth that appear out proportion to the rest of the face

Each patient is a unique individual and only an estimate of treatment time can be made depending on the patient’s growth maturity. Permanent teeth respond at different rates to orthodontic treatment. Rest assured, the orthodontist has specific treatment goals and objectives in mind and is dedicated to continue treatment until they are achieved. The estimated time of treatment is usually very close to the actual treatment time.

Flossing reduces the number of bacteria in your mouth. There are millions of these microscopic creatures feeding on food particles left on your teeth. These bacteria live in plaque which can be removed by flossing. Brushing your teeth gets rid of some of the bacteria in your mouth. Flossing gets rid of the bacteria the toothbrush can’t get to. That’s the bacteria hiding in the tiny spaces between your teeth. If you do not floss, you allow plaque to remain between your teeth. Eventually, it hardens into tartar. Plaque can be removed by brushing. Only the dentist can remove the tartar. Ask your dentist to show you the proper way to floss. You will both notice the difference at the next cleaning appointment.

Make it fun! If you are enthusiastic about brushing your teeth, your children will also be enthusiastic. Children want to do the things their parents do. If your children see you brushing your teeth and displaying good dental habits, they will follow. Ask the dentist for other creative ways to get children to brush their teeth. Getting your children to brush starts with taking them to the dentist at an early age. All children should be seen by their first birthday or 6 months after the eruption of the first tooth.

Always spend two to three minutes brushing your teeth. It takes that long to get rid of the bacteria that destroy tooth enamel. Do not brush too hard. It takes very little pressure to remove bacteria and plaque. Floss at least once a day. Flossing is the only way to get bacteria from between your teeth. Watch the sugar you eat. There is sugar in candy, fruits, crackers and chips. These are the foods that the bacteria in your mouth like best. Be mindful of foods like raisins and peanut butter that stick to your teeth. They can provide a constant supply for the bacteria eating into your teeth. Try to minimize the times during the day when sweet items are eaten and brush your teeth afterwards. If you cannot brush after a meal, rinse your mouth with water – which can help to remove food from your teeth. Chewing sugarless gum after a meal can also help. Chewing deskulates the flow of your saliva which acts as a natural plaque-fighting substance. And do not forget your regular dental visits. Good dental habits will go a long way toward a no-cavity visit.

Many diseases of the teeth and surrounding tissues cannot be seen when the dentist examines the mouth. An X-ray examination may reveal: small areas of decay between the teeth or below existing restorations (fillings) infections in the bone periodontal (gum) disease abscesses or cysts developmental abnormalities some types of tumors Finding and treating dental problems at an early stage can save time, money and often unnecessary discomfort. X-rays can detect damage to oral structures not visible during a regular exam. If you have a hidden tumor, X-rays may even help save your life. Dentist will evaluate your need for X-rays based on the conditions present in development. There are many benefits to having X-rays taken. Any additional questions or concerns should be discussed with your dentist.

The American Dental Association cites sealants as an effective weapon in the arsenal against tooth decay. Sealants are a thin coating painted on chewing surfaces of molars and premolars. Dental sealants act as a barrier, protecting your teeth against decay-causing bacteria. Sealants have proven effective with both adults and children, but are most commonly used with children. Despite the fact that sealants are about half the cost of fillings, only a small percentage of school-aged children have sealants on their permanent teeth. Ask your dentist whether sealants are a good choice for you or your children.

When you are asleep, production in your mouth decreases. Since your saliva is the mouth’s natural mouthwash, most people experience morning breath. Bacteria found on teeth in the crevices and on the taste buds of the tongue, break down the food particles, which produce sulfur compounds. It is actually these sulfur compounds which give our breath a bad odor. During desk, your saliva helps to wash away bacteria and food particles. Your saliva also helps to dissolve the foul smelling sulfur compounds. Chronic, long-term mouth odor can be a sign of more serious illness. See your dentist if this is a concern.

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